Skin disease (penyakit kulit) is usually considered as harmful because the majority of dermatological patients are having mild to moderate cases. Besides, it can be treated and will usually resolve especially if the treatment is given early. However, some cases are not that straightforward. Although dermatological emergencies are considered as very rare, it can somehow lead to unwanted health complications or even death especially if it is not treated early. There are a lot of causes that can cause a rare and dangerous skin disease. It can be down to genetics, environmental factors and also lifestyle choices. Individuals with this type of skin condition will usually need a life-long treatment as it is very difficult to handle. However, with early treatment, this case can be tackled efficiently. In this article, you will get to know about four different skin conditions that are considered as the worst among the worst. Continue reading if you want to know the details of these conditions and what is the usual treatment.
- Necrotizing fasciitis
This is a type of skin disease that sounds very painful. It is true because necrotizing fasciitis is a skin condition where skin infection leads to tissue death, and mostly leads to organ failures or death especially if not treated early. The usual culprit is bacteria that can go inside the body through any external wound or internal organ injury. Usually, this skin condition is a bit difficult to be diagnosed at first because its symptoms mimic other infection symptoms such as redness, pain and also skin bump. After a while, the skin will become darker due to tissue death. The only treatment for this type of condition is intensive care that aims to remove the dead tissue and prevents further organ damage.
- Scalded skin syndrome
The main culprit for this type of skin condition is a bacteria known as Staphylococcus Aureus. This organism is usually found on human skin and most of the time will not be harmful to us. However, it can be very harmful towards someone with low immune system protection and also someone that has kidney disease. They can infect these groups and cause infection to the skin. People with scalded skin syndrome will often be in pain because the skin is easily peel off upon slight touch. This condition is very rare and usually affects the young. The only treatment would be to give antibiotics, keep on rehydrating the patient and prevent toxic shock.
- DRESS syndrome
DRESS syndrome refers to ‘drug reaction with eosinophilia and systemic symptoms’. This is another rare skin condition that can be caused by certain drugs. There are many drugs that can cause this condition if the person receiving it is susceptible to it. This includes antibiotics, anticonvulsants and also antidepressant drugs. People with this condition will have fever, rash and also internal organ damage. Usually, a patient with DRESS syndrome often dies due to liver damage. Treatment involves stopping the drug immediately and giving intensive care towards the patient.
- Life-threatening drug reactions
This is another type of skin condition that involves drugs. Steven Johnson Syndrome (SJS) and Toxic Epidermal Necrolysis (TEN) are the two variants of this type that rarely affect the skin and mucous membrane. It caused the skin to peel off easily, dehydration and organ failures. The responsible drugs are antibiotics, anticonvulsants and HIV drugs. The treatment would aim to stop the drug immediately. Besides, the doctor will aim to clean the wound and also prevent the patient from any organ injury.